|Uses:||counseling, clinical, business, industrial, government|
|Test User Qualifications:|
The SWS was developed in an attempt to meet the need for a brief, yet comprehensive, multidimensional self-report measure of the Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP). The SWS is economical, convenient, and objective, and has sound psychometric properties when compared with existing measures.
TABP is most often measured with interviews, which are time-consuming and susceptible to biases. Other measures of the TABP fail to appreciate the multidimensionality of Type A behavior pattern. The SWS may be administered to individuals or groups, and takes approximately 15 minutes to complete. Careful attention was paid to minimizing response biases. The SWS measures six distinct components of TABP: Anger, Job Dissatisfaction, Time Urgency, Impatience, Work Involvement, and Competitiveness.
The SWS is highly correlated with the Rosenman Type A Structured Interview. It uniquely accounts for individual differences in the patterns of Type A behavior. Separate patterns have different implications for work performance and quality of interpersonal relations.
The SWS Developmental Report provides detailed advice for each component of TABP. This information is valuable for coaching, research on work-related stress, the promotion of good health, and as a pre-hire assessment in business and industrial settings.
Anger: Propensity to become antagonized, resulting in an emotional excitement characterized by an evident display of feelings (flushed cheeks, accelerated heart rate), and a desire or intent to punish or seek revenge.
Job Dissatisfaction: Absence of positive emotional state resulting from appraisal of one’s job on a number of dimensions, such as work difficulty or promotional opportunities.
Time Urgency: Preoccupation with work deadlines and similar pressures, resulting in hurried, abrupt motor mannerisms and behavioral style.
Impatience: Intolerance of time delays and interruptions; unwilling to accept ineptitude and/or tardiness on the part of others.
Work Involvement: Preoccupation with one’s job and the demands it imposes, to the exclusion of the pursuit of recreational and/or social activities.
Competitiveness: Tendency to struggle to defeat others in order to achieve recognition or obtain a prize, even in situations judged to be non-competitive.
Scale A: Sum of responses to items keyed specifically to predict Rosenman’s Structured Interview.
Global Type A: Sum of all six dimensions.
SWS norms are currently based on a sample of 233 men and 133 women living in the greater metropolitan district of Boston, Massachusetts. Mean ages were 55 years for males and 49 years for the females.
The SWS has been demonstrated to have appreciable internal consistency reliability. Coefficient alpha for the Global Type A scale is typically around .90, and subscale values range from .71 to .84.
Results from a number of studies involving the SWS support its validity as a multidimensional measure of the Type A behavior pattern as predictive of physiological arousal and responses to stressful work environments. The SWS shows meaningful relationships with managerial performance.
Administer and score the SWS directly on your computer using our SigmaSoft for Windows software. The SWS software produces the two types of report described in the mail-in scoring paragraph above as well as a Data Report. The Data Report presents the scores found in the Basic Report in a format designed for use by other programs. In addition to the software itself, you will need to purchase enough coupons to pay for each report you wish to produce.
|Report Type||Coupons Required|
This software also makes it easy to input answers or scale scores from paper and pencil administrations. You may import data scanned by an optical mark reader by using our SigmaSoft Scanning Utility and scannable answer sheets.
The Survey of Work Styles can also be completed at SigmaTesting.Com, our exciting online testing platform that allows you instant local and remote testing and administrative access to a full range of tests and test results.
The SWS is available on SigmaTesting.Com, our comprehensive online testing platform.
The SWS Manual includes information on the norms and reliability, scale construction and validation of the SWS.
Research articles about the SWS
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