The Survey of Work Styles (SWS) assessment is a profile measure of six components of the Type A behavior pattern. The primary objective of this measure is to provide you with an enhanced understanding of your profile on these personality characteristics in order to assist you in developing more effective work styles and interpersonal relations.
This report is based on your responses to the SWS. Your scores show how you compare with other people in terms of the six characteristics measured by the SWS, as well as the Total Type A index. Your unique pattern of high and low scale scores serves to differentiate you from other individuals. Careful examination of your profile can aid in an understanding of the impact of your personal characteristics on others in work settings and in other areas of day-to-day living. It is important to bear in mind that there are no right or wrong answers to the questions in the SWS, nor is one particular pattern of scores necessarily superior than another.
Survey of Workstyles Report Contents
- Page 2 – Your SWS Profile
- Page 4 – Developmental Advice Based On Your SWS Results
- Page 12 – The Type A Behaviour Pattern
Raw Score: Your raw score for each scale is based on your responses to the statements that make up that scale. A high raw score indicates that you responded strongly to that scale’s statements.
Percentile: Your percentile scores for each scale indicate what percentage of males, females as well as combined males and females in the comparison group received a lower raw score. A percentile score of 50 is average.
This section goes through each of the SWS scales stating what you scored, what that score means, and some developmental advice on how to improve.
Over the past three decades, the Type A behaviour pattern has generated considerable attention in academic research. Type A behaviours include vigorous verbal and psychomotor mannerisms, a sense of time urgency, easily aroused anger and hostility, competitiveness, and impatience. Each scale on the Survey of Work styles has been designed to test one of these facets of the Type A behavior pattern. Although these behaviour patterns generally occur together, a better way of examining Type A behaviour is to break it down by pattern. This is beneficial, because different levels or combinations of each pattern may have different implications for performance at work, and the quality of interpersonal relationships.
The Type A behavior pattern has been linked in some studies to increased probability of premature coronary heart disease. Although this evidence is not entirely consistent, the figure here presents certain hypothesized behavioral and physiological mechanisms that can result in long term physiological changes. Inspection of this figure reveals that the specific mechanisms involved in this process are complex, and center around the sympathetic nervous system.
Specifically, it has been suggested that Type A individuals have a tendency to react to situations with high levels of sympathetic nervous system arousal, which may result, for example, in increased platelet aggregation on arterial walls which in turn can increase the probability of coronary heart disease and/or hypertension. Physiological mechanisms that are linked to increased sympathetic arousal include blood pressure, heart rate, and levels of epinephrine and/or norepinephrine. Research indicates that the most consistent evidence is the relationship between sustained predisposition to anger arousal and coronary heart disease.
It’s important to note that the SWS was not designed to reveal character flaws or deviance, or to highlight psychological maladjustment. Rather, the SWS simply describes one’s characteristics on a number of traits that reflect certain consistencies in the way one is likely to behave in a variety of situations. While SWS scores can be a valuable tool for enhancing self-awareness, its results provide only a partial description of who you are. Accordingly, you are encouraged to evaluate your results in light of all available information regarding your own behavior and to discuss them with a professional advisor.